Transmission Electron Microscopy and Its Practical Applications (3)

UM-StL Physics 308 - Fall 1998 and Fall 1999

Physics 308, 381, 400, or 490: 3 Credit Hours of Basics, Readings, Special Topics, or Research on...
Transmission Electron Microscopy & Its Practical Applications - Fall '99

Proposed boilerplate for Physics 308 - Transmission Electron Microscopy (3)
Prerequisite: Physics 307 and/or consent of instructor. A lecture/laboratory study of transmission electron microscopy (TEM) in conventional, analytical, and phase-contrast (high resolution) applications. Course includes advanced electron optics and image formation, defect structures, specimen preparation, contrast theory, diffraction/periodicity analysis, and electron energy loss/x-ray spectroscopy. Two hours lecture and two hours laboratory per week.

You might also think of this as a course in Trans-nano Electron-assisted self-Miniaturization. A web-quiz on lattice and reciprocal lattice indexing can be found here.


This course is geared towards training students to effectively use a TEM and its various accoutrements for the analysis of electron scattering and x-ray generation by specimens. The theory part will cover the basic physics of Transmission Electron Microscopy, so that information obtainable from specimens is understood. The lab part deals with operation of such instruments, including a computer-controlled Hitachi H600 TEM and an atomic-resolution Philips EM430 SuperTwin AEM in our lab. Some prior experience with electron microscopes (e.g. via the scanning electron microscope, offered in the fall) is recommended.

part of 3D HREM series by Wentao QinHREM image down the 10-fold direction of an annealed TiMn quasicrystalHREM image of ancient SiC from a carbon-rich red-giant starHREM image of internally-partitioned carbon nanotube[100] bend extinction contour in precipitated VLSI silicon

cross-section darkfield TEM image of bottom third of a VLSI devicemulti-layer dislocation loop in integrated circuit siliconsimulated images of the 2D carbon coreflakes found in meteoritic graphite-onion starsmoke

To take the course, apply to enroll by e-mail or in person with the course instructors. The first class meeting will likely be from 9am to 11am on Saturday, August 28, 1999 in Molecular 101. Stop in to participate in the discussion if for no other reason!

The course in 1999 will will be taught primarily by Prof. Jimmy Liu at Monsanto (before that John Cowley's group at Arizona State University). We have two operating TEM's (including a million dollar instrument under $30K/yr service contract which can resolve atoms) available for the course, as well as two SEM's, and some scanning probe microscopes in a triple bi-story building designed for such instruments from the ground up.

Newsflash: As a non-traditional course offering, available on weekends to minimize conflict with other courses or "day jobs" (and with no supported mandate or time for the instructors to go out and spread the word in advance) we have traditionally discussed enrollment with prospective students during the first week of classes. As a course which is worth (in employment attractiveness alone) easily worth three times the tuition cost on the open market, it is not hard to fill up the seats. This semester, the evening college dean decided to close the course before anyone could enroll! We are currently assessing whether or not to reopen enrollment this semester, or to simply teach the course next winter. If you have opinions on this, let me know (, or stop by this Saturday morning (9am Molecular 101 28 Aug 1999) to discuss.

precipitate lattice in VLSI silicon with an 11 picometer spacing mismatch

New, Answer What?, Local Pages, External Links, More Books, OverView, HomeWork,

What's New? A draft syllabus can be found here. A note on cross-sections and mean-free-paths to clarify Chapter 2 of Williams/Carter. This course has begun. Draft description of a possible summer workshop series targeted toward analytical service clients rather than operators. Schematic on the focussing effect of magnetic lenses. This course now has a university-wizarded webpage and discussion area. Ask in class for the discussion password if you don't have it. The pre-course login ID is [Physcs308.001], while the pre-course password is [Physcs308.001]

Questions this course might help you answer... Why image with electrons rather than light? From the vantage point of a micro-human, spiders look like... What about micro and nano-worlds can a scanning electron microscope tell? Why image with secondary rather than primary electrons? What happens when a 20,000 volt electron encounters a penny? How accurately may grain-size and RMS roughness be measured here? What knob should I turn next? Do flea-whiskers have whiskers? What determines the resolution of an image?

AnySpeed Engineering Complex ColorMath Information Physics NanoWorld Explorations Reciprocal World Silicon River StarDust in the Lab Web Puzzlers Atomic Physics Lab Center for Molecular Electronics Center for NeuroDynamics Physics & Astronomy Scanned Tip and Electron Image Lab Some local resources of possible interest: Try focussing a high-res electron microscope image on-line! deBroglie's electrons and some interesting TEM facts. Three abstracts for the Winter 1998 AAPT Conference. An applet for solving constant acceleration problems at any speed. Does making a hotdog require 50 nanoseconds of life's power stream? Start relativity with the metric equation instead of Lorentz transforms!. Is statistical physics a dead subject, or is there another paradigm change afoot? What other resources might help you? E-mail suggestions to At UM-StLouis see also: a1toc, cme, i-fzx, phys&astr, programs, stei-lab, & wuzzlers. Some current and previous courses: p111, p112, p231, p307, p308, p309, p325, p341, p400. Cite/Link: This release dated 25 Aug 1997 (Copyright by Phil Fraundorf 1988-1997)

A few of the many resources elsewhere on the web:
Teaching/Learning Materials: Scanning Electron Microscopy Stuff at Iowa State University. Introduction to SEM at Dartmouth. Operating Instructions for various scope types at University of Minnesota's CIE Characterization Facility. What are electron microscopes, at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln. American University Electron Microscopy Lecture Notes. George Phillips' Diffraction/Scattering Notes & Teaching Article Links. Biozentrum tutorials in Basel on practical light and electron microscopy. Nanoworld notes from the University of Queensland, Australia. Allen Sampson's Analyticus Pandectes and Microscellaneousities.
Some colorized images The MicroAngela (Tina Carvalho) gallery at University of Hawaii (Manoa). The David Scharf poster set at Microscopy Today. Dennis Kunkel's watermarked bug mugs, also at UH. Some red-green 3D images for those who can't wait for interactive-microscopial virtualtinycity.
Labs & Links: MicroWorld Resources & News Microscopy Link List Our Scanned Tip and Electron Image Lab Link List. Scott Miller's electron microscopy lab page at UM-Rolla. Page on Lehigh Microscopy Short Courses. San Joaquin Delta College Microscopy Program Home Page. University of Oklahoma's Virtual Library on Microscopy.
Other Stuff: Frank Potter's Science Gems. Kenny Felder's Math and Physics Help pages. Univ. Oregon Student Physics Problems Page What is d^3x/dt^3? Check sci.physics' Frequently Asked Questions. Contemporary Physics Education Project's Particle Adventure. Other physics education links that may be of interest include those at: physlink, yahoo, quantum, c3p, & tiptop...

  • Press below for Alta-Vista's Dynamic Link-Lists on these topics...

    Some Suggested Supplementary Reading

    ...on the subject matter of this course...

  • Enrique Gonzalez-Velasco - Fourier Analysis and Boundary Value Problems (Academic Press, San Diego CA, 1995).
  • A. Bruce Carlson - Communication Systems - an intro to signals & noise in electrical communication (McGraw-Hill, NY, 1986).
  • Gerald Folland - Fourier Analysis and its Applications (Wadsworth & Brooks, Pacific Grove CA, 1992).
  • John M. Cowley - Diffraction Physics (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1981).
  • Kevin Cowtan - Book of Fourier.
  • John C. H. Spence - Experimental High-Resolution Electron Microscopy (Oxford University Press, Oxford 1988). that may prove useful...

  • The Web
  • MathCAD, Mathematica, Maple.
  • Numerical Recipes by Press, Teukolsky, Vetterling, and Flannery (Cambridge U. Press, 1988, 1992).

    ...on subjects of more general interest...

  • Galileo Galilei - Dialog Concerning the Two Chief World Systems (1632, translated by Stillman Drake, UC Press, 1962)
  • Roman Vinokur - The science of the jump shot: Kinematics on the basketball court, Quantum (Jan/Feb 1993) 46-50.
  • McBeath et. al. - How baseball outfielders determine where to run to catch fly balls, Science 268 (28 April 1995) 569-573.
  • Larry Gonick & Art Huffman, The Cartoon Guide to Physics (HarperPerennial, NY, 199_).
  • Larry Gonick & Woollcott Smith, The Cartoon Guide to Statistics (HarperPerennial, NY, 1993).
  • Thomas Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, 2nd edition (U. of Chicago Press, Chicago IL, 1970)
  • Joel A. Barker, The Business of Paradigms (ILI Press, Lake Elmo MN, 1985)
  • K. Eric Drexler, Engines of Creation (Anchor Doubleday, New York NY, 1986)
  • Stephen W. Hawking - A Brief History of Time
  • Jearl Walker, Flying Circus of Physics (John Wiley & Sons, 1975)
  • Michio Kaku, HyperSpace (Oxford University Press, 1994)
  • James Gleick, Chaos: Making a New Science (Penguin Books, 1987)
  • Stuart Kauffman, At Home in the Universe (Oxford University Press, 1995)
  • Kip S. Thorne, Black Holes & Time Warps (W. W. Norton & Co., 1994)
  • Mark Slouka, War of the Worlds (BasicBooks, 1995)
  • Richard Dawkins, The Selfish Gene (Oxford University Press, 1976)

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